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Unemployment and subsequent earnings for Swedish college graduates: a study of scarring effects

Abstract of Working paper 2009:10

Unemployment immediately upon graduation is associated with substantial and perma­nent future earnings losses. Even for very short unemployment spells the estimated earnings losses are statistically significant. These results are stable for the inclusion of a rich set of observable control variables, including grade point average from high school and parental educational level, and for choice of method i.e. OLS and propensity score matching. This lends some support for the interpretation that unemployment upon grad­uation has the causal effect of reducing future earnings prospects.

Keywords: Scarring, State dependence, Higher education, College-to-work
JEL-codes: J64, J24, J31

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