Learning spillovers in the firm

Summary of

Working paper

2020:14

To produce output for a firm, coworkers often i nteract. This paper examines the possibility that as a byproduct of these interactions, there are learning spillovers: coworkers learn general skills from each other that increase future productivity. In the first part of t he paper I show t hat l earning s pillovers imply e xternalities in the return to human capital which firms may not internalize when there i s asymmetric information. As a result, individuals may inefficiently invest in their own education. Next, I show that learning spillovers are empirically relevant. Using matched administrative data from Sweden and a combination of fixed effects and controls to address bias from worker sorting and firm heterogeneity, I find that increasing the average education of a given worker’s coworkers by 10 percentage points increases that worker’s wages in the following year by 0.3%, which is significant at the 1% l evel. The effect is persistent, decreases with age, and is higher for workers in occupations where they
interact more regularly with their coworkers.

JEL Codes: E24, J24.
Keywords: Human Capital Accumulation, Diffusion of Knowledge, Learning.