Paternity leave and child outcomes

Published: 22 December 2023

Author: Daniel Avdic, And Arizo Karimi, And Anna Sjögren, And Elin Sundberg, And

We study how fathers’ time impacts children’s human capital using the introduction of earmarked paternity leave in Sweden. We use administrative data on parents’ leave uptake and children’s educational outcomes in a difference-in-discontinuities design, exploiting the plausibly random timing of childbirth. We show that the
reform decreased average school-leaving grade point averages of  sons of non-college fathers by 0,07 standard deviations and increased intergenerational persistence of human capital by 30 percent. We give suggestive evidence that these findings are explained by asymmetric impacts on parents’ time investments owing to family disruptions and (lack of) substitutability of parents’ time inputs.


Anna Sjögren: anna.sjö