Trends in absolute income mobility in North America and Europe

Author: Adrian Adermon, And Martin Nybom, And

Summary of

Working paper

2020:11

We compute rates of absolute upward income mobility for the 1960-1987 birth cohorts in eight countries in North America and Europe. Rates and trends in absolute mobility varied dramatically across countries during this period: the US and Canada saw upward mobility rates near 50% for recent cohorts, while countries like Norway and Finland saw sustained rates above 70%. Decomposition analysis suggests that differences in the marginal income distributions, especially the amount of cross-cohort income inequality, were the primary driver of differing mobility rates across countries. We also demonstrate that absolute mobility rates can be accurately estimated without linked parent-child data.

Keywords: Intergenerational mobility, absolute mobility, inequality
JEL-codes: J62